HB 21: First step in addressing school finance reform
HB 21 makes adjustments to the finance system, especially by providing a new weight for dyslexic student and folding funds into the Basic Allotment. It is a first step toward addressing a fundamental problem in the system.
The fundamental problem is that Texas collects revenue through a local property tax to fund a statewide obligation. But this was not always true: the obligation to maintain education was established in our 1876 constitution, and we supported it through statewide taxes. However, in 1968, Texas prohibited a statewide property tax, so we began to rely upon a local property tax. The result was widely inequitable funding. Recapture was established to remedy this problem.
But Recapture aims at district equity, not student equity. Currently, revenue does not flow at all in the way intended by the state system of weights. This fact prompted families in far West Texas to file suit against their school district because some schools received over 40 percent more than others. The Texas Supreme Court ruled against the family because they had not exhausted their administrative appeals process in the TEA. However, the completion of this process comes too late to help the children. Our state must place a higher priority upon ensuring that revenue allotted for certain students is used for those students.
Summary Analysis of House Bill 21
- Under HB 21, districts are allowed to charge transportation fees for students for whom they previously received funds under TEC 42.155, which is repealed under HB 21.
- Previously, districts could only charge fees if:
- the district did not receive funding under TEC 42.155, and
- the district did not participate in a county transportation system.
- Under current law, school districts can transport Pre-K students and receive funding under TEC 42.155. Under HB 21, districts providing such transportation wouldn’t receive this funding because TEC 42.155 is repealed.
- Cleans up TEC Ch. 29 to remove references to the High School Allotment (TEC 42.160), which is repealed under HB 21.
- Under current law (TEC 42.155(j)) the Texas School for the Deaf receives transportation funding as determined by the TEA. Under HB 21, TEC 42.155 is repealed, and the School would receive transportation funding from the Foundation School Fund (FSF).
- Under current law (TEC 30.087(c)), regional day schools for the deaf receive special education transportation funding (TEC 42.155). Under HB 21, TEC 42.155 is repealed, and these day schools would receive an allotment paid from the FSF.
- County transportation systems would not be able to receive direct state funding; they can contract with school districts.
- Cleans up the accountability / assessment requirements under TEC 39.0233 to remove references to tests that measure the benefit of the High School Allotment (TEC 42.160), which is repealed under HB 21.
- Under current law (TEC 41.002(e)), a district’s Equalized Wealth Level (EWL) could not fall below their 1992-93 EWL. HB 21 repeals 41.002(e). This section cleans up TEC 41.099(a) to remove references to 41.002(e).
- Under current law (TEC 41.257), the transportation allotment (TEC 42.155) is maintained despite district consolidation. Under HB 21, TEC 42.155 is repealed; the transportation reference is accordingly removed.
- Under HB 21, the number of students with dyslexia-related disorders would be counted and reported to the TEA.
- Under current law, funds for special education must be used for that program, except in the case of indirect cost allotments. Under HB 21, an additional exception is added so that funds can be used for special education transportation.
- Under current law, funds for the Career & Technology (CT) program must be used for that program, except in the case of indirect cost allotments. Under HB 21, an additional exception is added so that funds can be used for special education transportation.
- Under current law, the SBOE revised the indirect cost allotments to account for SB 1 and SB 2 of the 82nd Legislature in 2011. Under HB 21, the SBOE will revise these indirect cost allotments to account for increases to the Basic Allotment and this bill.
- Under HB 21, a new student program for students with dyslexia is established and funded with a weight of 0.1. Only two other programs have this level of funding: bilingual education (TEC 42.153) and public education grants (TEC 42.157).
- Under HB 21, no more than 5 percent of a district’s average daily attendance (ADA) can receive funding under the dyslexia program. Only one other program has this limit: the Gifted and Talented program (TEC 42.156(c)).
- This section removes the High School Allotment (TEC 42.160) and the transportation allotment (TEC 42.155) from the WADA formula. Section 17 repeals these statutes.
- This section establishes statutes TEC 42.451 – 42.459, which ensure that certain decreases in funding do not take effect. This hold-harmless operates under these rules:
- TEA will administer the grant funding.
- Districts are eligible if their revenue per WADA is less than in 2016-17.
- Districts are given priority access if their funding is decreased because of:
- HB 21
- Other reasons
- The hold harmless expires in September 2019.
- This section repeals the following:
- TEC 29.097(g): encourages districts to use High School Allotment for technology programs to decrease dropout rates;
- TEC 29.098(e): encourages districts to use High School Allotment for summer programs to decrease dropout rates;
- TEC 34.002(c): districts not meeting bus safety standards will not receive funding under TEC 42.155;
- TEC 39.233: TEA shall evaluate graduation rates to determine the effect of the High School Allotment;
- TEC 39.234: governs the use of the High School Allotment;
- TEC 41.002(e), (f), and (g): affect the wealth per WADA a district is allowed;
- TEC 42.1541(c): requires the SBOE to establish “indirect cost allotments;”
- TEC 42.155: establishes the Transportation Allotment;
- TEC 42.160: establishes the High School Allotment;
- TEC 42.2513: provides Additional Aid for Staff Salary Increases.